A simple change improved Chakra UI's PageSpeed significantly

5 months ago

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3 min read

I've noticed that the PageSpeed scores for https://chakra-ui.com were not that great. I know that we've built the page using the best practices, but for some reason the scores weren't what we expected. I took some time to analyze the metrics and noticed that the TTI (Time to Interactive) and TBT (Total Blocking Time) were crazy high!

Chakra UI's Old PageSpeed Metrics

Scrolling down in the Diagnostics section I noticed the "Avoid enormous network payloads" issue, notifying me that the total size of the network payload was 7,053 KiB, and that's way too much! Clicking on the issue revealed that 9 out of 10 requests are from CodeSandbox, because of the CodeSandbox embed that was on the page.

The enormous network payloads list

Then I remembered that CodeSandbox released their Sandpack component toolkit that you can use to create live code editing blocks. Since that's an npm package that you install, I figured it will definitely be more performant because its code will be compiled, optimized and shipped along with the page. So I decided to swap out the old embedded iframe with the new Sandpack component. And the results were surprizing:

Improved PageSpeed Metrics

All of the metrics have been improved significantly:

  • CLS: 0.029 -> 0 🚀
  • FCP: 0.6s -> 0.3s 🚀
  • LCP: 0.6s -> 0.5s 🚀
  • SI: 1.7s -> 0.6s 🚀🚀
  • TTI: 9.8s -> 1.6s 🚀🚀🚀
  • TBT: 4.9s -> 0.35s 🚀🚀🚀
  • Overall Score: 58 -> 85 🚀🚀🚀

Let's walk through the changes. First, I installed the Sandpack package:

yarn add @codesandbox/sandpack-react

Then I created a simple and generic component that displays the Sandpack component, but allows the data to be provided from the outside:

1// src/components/sandpack-embed/index.tsx
2
3import { Box, BoxProps } from '@chakra-ui/react';
4import { Sandpack, SandpackProps } from '@codesandbox/sandpack-react';
5import '@codesandbox/sandpack-react/dist/index.css';
6
7const SandpackEmbed = (props: BoxProps & SandpackProps) => {
8 return (
9 <Box
10 as={Sandpack}
11 {...props}
12 options={{
13 ...props.options,
14 showLineNumbers: true,
15 }}
16 theme="dark"
17 template="react-ts"
18 customSetup={{
19 dependencies: {
20 react: '17.0.2',
21 'react-dom': '17.0.2',
22 'react-scripts': '4.0.0',
23 'react-icons': '3.11.0',
24 '@chakra-ui/react': '1.7.3',
25 '@chakra-ui/icons': '^1.1.1',
26 '@emotion/react': '^11.7.0',
27 '@emotion/styled': '^11.6.0',
28 'framer-motion': '^4.1.17',
29 },
30 }}
31 />
32 );
33};
34
35export default SandpackEmbed;

It's basically a Box component, rendered as a Sandpack component, but its props are the BoxProps merged with SandpackProps. That way we can pass Chakra style props, and Sandpack configuration props and reuse this component everywhere.

Then I simply replaced the iframe on the homepage with the new SandpackEmbed component:

1<SandpackEmbed
2 options={{
3 editorHeight: 600,
4 editorWidthPercentage: 60,
5 }}
6 files={{
7 '/src/App.tsx': App,
8 '/src/index.tsx': Index,
9 }}
10 zIndex={0}
11 tabIndex={-1}
12/>

The App and Index variables that you see on line 7 and 8 are simple strings. It's the code content that we want to have inside of each file specifically:

1export const Index = `import * as React from "react";
2import { render } from "react-dom";
3import { ChakraProvider } from "@chakra-ui/react";
4import App from "./App";
5const rootElement = document.getElementById("root");
6render(
7 <ChakraProvider>
8 <App />
9 </ChakraProvider>,
10 rootElement
11);`;

And that was it! A simple change drastically improved the page speed, and also opened up possibilities to reuse the SandpackEmbed component throughout the whole website. I plan on swapping the react-live package with the SandpackEmbed as well. I'm not sure about performance boost, but a bonus feature will be the ability to create a CodeSandbox sandbox directly from the website.

Here's the PR if you're interested to see all of the details about it: Pull Request


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